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Plant it in fertile, calcium-rich soil with a ph ranging from neutral to slightly acidic to keep it happy. Dietary amounts of red clover are safe, but dietary supplement extracts may cause rash-like reactions, muscle ache, headache, nausea, vaginal bleeding in women, and slow blood clotting.[12]. Red clover is a wild plant belonging to the legume family. This bumblebee has been one of the important pollinators of red clover in South America and other countries such as New Zealand.[7]. To make red clover tea, add 4 grams of dried flower tops (or red clover tea bags) to 1 cup (250 mL) of boiling water and steep for 5–10 minutes. Still, a 3-year, double-blind study found taking 40 mg of red clover daily to be safe for women with a family history of breast cancer. All rights reserved. Red clover is used in Turkish folk medicine as expectorant, antiseptic, analgesic properties and as a treatment for rheumatic aches. They … Traditionally an element of hay meadows where it fixes nitrogen in its roots. The dry flowers and seeds can be used to flavor bread. As a woman reaches menopause, a decline in reproductive hormones — namely estrogen — can lead to increased bone turnover and a decrease in BMD (4, 5). Like peas and beans, red clover belongs to the family of plants called legumes. Though promising, more research is needed. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a wild flowering plant belonging to the same family as peas and beans. Red clover contains substances called isoflavones. Red clover plants grow from crowns. It is sown as a fodder crop for livestock and has long been used in crop rotation systems because of its ability to fix nitrogen, enriching soils. The flowers are dark pink with a paler base, 12–15 mm (0.5–0.6 in) long, produced in a dense inflorescence, and are mostly visited by bumblebees. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. The flowers are used to make medicine. The main ingredients of red clover are phytoestrogens that act similarly as estrogen in the human body. Most growth occurs in summer and autumn. Red clover is a dark-pink herbaceous plant originating from Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The main aim of this project is to increase the use of plant genetic resources by directly channelling information and seed material to plant breeders working in the Northern/Arctic region. Nevertheless, you should be aware of its side effects, drug interactions, and risks for certain populations. You can buy them in most health food stores or online. The doctors believe red clover interfered with a psoriasis medication known as methotrexate. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a wild flowering plant belonging to the same family as peas and beans. Growing red clover for silage production circumvents that problem. [15] It is said to be a blood cleanser. It doesn't seem to work, though, for lowering cholesterol or controlling hot flashes in women. Red clover is effectively treats menopausal symptoms and irregular menses. Estrogen is needed for bust growth and this substance helps women’s bodies to increase their breasts in a natural way without dangerous side effects. It’s widely used in traditional medicine as a remedy for menopause symptoms, asthma, whooping cough, arthritis, and even cancer. Specifically, the red clover was brought to Argentina and Chile over 100 years ago, although it is not clear how exactly it was introduced. Currently, there’s no clear evidence that supplementing with red clover will improve menopause symptoms. It is widely grown as a fodder crop, valued for its nitrogen fixation, which increases soil fertility. Red clover contains isoflavones, which are a type of phytoestrogen — a plant compound that can weakly mimic estrogen in the body. Trifolium pratense, the red clover,[1][2] is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. University of Wisconsin Forage Variety Performance Results This link takes you to results from the most recent UW forage variety testing information. Hence, it has the botanical name Trifolium, which in Latin translates loosely as "tri", meaning "three", with "folium" meaning "leaf". It has a deep taproot which makes it tolerant to drought and gives it a good soil structuring effect. Red clover is a plant. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Learn about alternative treatments for osteoporosis. Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Many proponents of red clover claim it can help with weight loss, cancer, asthma, whooping cough, arthritis, and other conditions. A great source of nectar, especially for bees. Red clover is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm (8–31 in) tall. It is a legume and has been used as a cover crop like white clover. In a randomized study in 109 postmenopausal women, participants reported significant improvements in hair and skin texture, appearance, and overall quality after taking 80 mg of red clover extract for 90 days (25). For these reasons, it is used as a green manure crop. Red clover's flowers and leaves are edible, and can be added as garnishes to any dish. Trifolium pratense is used in traditional medicine of India as deobstruent, antispasmodic, expectorant, sedative, anti-inflammatory and antidermatosis agent. After stopping the red clover, she made a full recovery (31). Furthermore, due to its minor estrogenic properties, those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with hormone-sensitive conditions or bleeding disorders, should avoid its use. Most added that further research is needed to confirm the results. Compared with the placebo group, there was not an increased risk of breast cancer, endometrial thickness, or hormonal changes (33). Red clover is used for symptoms of menopause, weak and brittle bones, high levels of cholesterol, and many other conditions, but … [16], It is metabolised by CYP3A4 and therefore caution should be used when taking it with other drugs using this metabolic pathway.[17]. Trifolium pratense is the national flower of Denmark[18] and the state flower of Vermont. Red clover is a popular yet underrated flowering plant used for a variety of purposes around the world. It has a deep taproot which makes it tolerant to drought and gives it a good soil structuring effect. Some old people even watered the wild fields so that they could increase its production. The herbaceous plant can be found mainly on nutrient-rich meadows, forest clearings or roadsides. Plant red clover seeds at 1/2 lb per 1,000 square feet or 8 to 16 lbs per acre. Facilitating use of Nordic plant genetic resources: Evaluating the Nordic Red Clover Collection for Arctic breeding. Due to its coumarin derivatives, T. pratense should be used with caution in individuals with coagulation disorders or currently undergoing anticoagulation therapy. One review of studies in postmenopausal women taking red clover for 4–12 months showed a significant increase in HDL (good) cholesterol and a decrease in total and LDL (bad) cholesterol (28). Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Trifolium L. – clover Species This article reviews red clover, its potential benefits, downsides, and uses. Red clover is a dark-pink flowering plant that’s used in traditional medicine to treat menopause symptoms, asthma, heart disease, skin disorders, and even cancer. Most red clover supplements are found in 40–80-mg doses based on clinical research and safety data. We’ll tell you what the research says. Therefore, it should be avoided (34). Though many people enjoy red clover tea, no data shows it has the same potential health effects as concentrated forms of red clover, such as supplements and extracts. Without taking steps to harvest red clover properly, you could harm the plant and decrease yields in the future. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a perennial plant, grown widespread and cultivated as a forage grass in many countries. Some research has shown a connection between isoflavone intake and a decrease in osteoporosis risk (6, 7, 8). Red clover is an herb used in traditional medicine to treat a wide range of health issues, such as hot flashes, osteoporosis, arthritis, and skin and hair disorders. This article reviews the uses, nutrition, and health benefits of clover honey and…, We explain what to expect during menopause, including when it begins, how long it lasts, and why it occurs. Red clover can be taken as a supplement, extract, or tea. Harvesting red clover, though, is somewhat complicated and should only be done with knowledge of the plant. Due to the large number of conflicting studies, more research is needed. Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, 6 of the Best Multivitamins for Menopause, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, What Is Clover Honey? Once established it’s capable of rapid growth and shows reasonably good persistence up to three years, although ongoing breeding work is being carried out to increase plant persistence. Uses, Nutrition, and Benefits, Everything You Should Know About Menopause, Understanding and Dealing with Hot Flashes. Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) is a wild edible that is a nutritional powerhouse! Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. Red clover is a wild plant that can be eaten. Therefore, be sure to follow the recommended dose on the package. Red clover is a native plant to us, whose occurrence extends from Europe to Asia. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Best suited to well-drained, fertile, slightly acid to neutral soils. Last medically reviewed on August 20, 2020, Are you looking into treatments for menopausal symptoms that avoid hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)? Note, however, that research hasn't shown that the herb is conclusively effective for these or any other health concerns. It contains many vitamins and nutrients, including protein! Hot flashes can appear suddenly, or you may feel…. However, health experts are wary of its purported benefits due to a lack of scientific evidence. [3] The leaves are alternate, trifoliate (with three leaflets), each leaflet 15–30 mm (0.6–1.2 in) long and 8–15 mm (0.3–0.6 in) broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf; the petiole is 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) long, with two basal stipules that are abruptly narrowed to a bristle-like point. Several cultivar groups have been selected for agricultural use, mostly derived from T. pratense var. Red clover is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm (8–31 in) tall. Despite some promising results, the authors argued that many studies were small in sample size and lacked proper blinding. Red clover is a common plant of all kinds of grassy areas in the UK, from lawns to pastures, roadsides to meadows. Though rare, potential side effects include vaginal spotting, prolonged menstruation, skin irritation, nausea, and headache. It has become naturalised in many temperate areas, including the Americas and Australasia as an escape from cultivation. It will grow in poor soil, but it won’t thrive there. Trifolium pratense is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. … What Teas Help with Menopause Symptom Relief? There’s not enough research showing it can improve cholesterol levels, strengthen bones, promote weight loss, or treat cancer, asthma, or other conditions. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Red clover varieties are tested at Prairie du Sac. Red clover is subject to bacterial as well as fungal diseases, including the red clover rust, Uromyces trifolii-repentis var. However, little research supports these uses. Autumn plantings are preferred in the Lower South. Still, many studies were funded by supplement companies, which may lead to bias (14, 15). Due to reports of side effects with 5 cups (1.2 liters) per day, it’s best to limit your daily intake to 1–3 cups (240–720 mL) (35). Clover honey is popular due to its sweet, mildly floral taste. A 52-year-old woman reported severe stomach pain and vomiting after taking 430 mg of red clover for 3 days. A recent study in 88 women taking the breast cancer medication tamoxifen found red clover did not result in any drug interactions or serious side effects, suggesting it does not interfere with anti-estrogen medications (37). In alternative medicine, red clover is said to help with the following conditions. It grows as a winter annual in the southeastern USA. Due to its beauty, it is used as an ornamental plant. Red clover may help decrease menopausal hot flashes, though more research is needed. It has also been used medicinally to treat several conditions including cancer, whooping cough, respiratory problems, and skin inflammations, such as psoriasis and eczema. Trifolium pratenseL., red clover, is an introduced biennial or short-lived perennial that grows as one of two types: medium (double-cut) or mammoth (single- cut). Be sure to follow the instructions on the label and speak with a healthcare professional before trying red clover. Red clover is a wild edible plant belonging to the legume family that is … Red clover contains plant oestrogens– also known as phytoestrogens or isoflavones. Red clover is usually found as a supplement or tea using dried flower tops. The meadow clover is also found in the highlands and can, depending on the area and mountain location, populate heights of up to … Osteoporosis is a condition that causes the bones in your body to become weak and porous. Red clover extract has been used in traditional medicine to promote skin and hair health. Despite this study, it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider before taking red clover to ensure that it’s safe and right for you. We also discuss the symptoms of menopause…, Hot flashes bothering you? Historically, red clover was used … [10][11] There is no evidence in the human trial literature that red clover has been tested for effects on cough, lymphatic system or cancer prevention/treatment. Cattle and other animals graze on red clover. Despite limited scientific evidence, red clover is used to treat a variety of conditions. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that causes a loss of bone density, which increases your risk of fractures. Those with hormone-sensitive conditions, such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or endometriosis, should speak to their healthcare provider before taking red clover due to its estrogenic activity (32). To protect your health, always speak to your healthcare provider before taking red clover. fallens. Therefore, higher quality research is needed (29). Red clover has also shown mild improvements in other menopausal symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and vaginal dryness (14, 17, 18). [13] Due to its activity on oestrogen receptors, red clover is contraindicated in people with a history of breast cancer, endometriosis, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids or other oestrogen-sensitive conditions,[14] although some authors have suggested the high isoflavone content counteracts this, and even provides benefits in these conditions. [19], This article is about the plant. Learn about its causes, risk factors, and…. 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